The error "The disk structure is damaged and not readable"

What can you do?

One day you start your computer or plug in your hard drive. Instead of starting, you see the error "The disk structure is damaged and not readable."

Read on for solutions to your problem.

Is it not possible to access the hard disk, the memory card, or the USB stick? Do you get a notice indicating an error whenever you try to access the hard disk? Learn how to correct the error by reading: The error message "The disk structure is damaged and unreadable," as well as the causes of the problem. If the issue cannot be corrected, what steps should be taken to retrieve the data from the hard disk?


Why the structure of the disk is corrupted and cannot be read.

In most cases, this error message is brought on by either data corruption or a problem with the Master File Table (MFT) of the hard disk. It is also possible that your personal computer will display an error message if the storage device is not properly connected to it. If you disconnect an external USB flash drive or hard drive while it is being used by your computer, you run the risk of corrupting the disk structure or making the data on the drive unreadable when you reconnect the device to the computer. It's possible that the device has a problem on the inside or The driver for the hard disk is out of date and needs to be replaced with an updated version that is compatible with your Windows operating system.

Find a solution to the error that says "Disk structure is corrupted and unreadable."
We apply the following solutions to fix this error after first gaining an understanding of what the problem is, as well as the reason why the disk structure is corrupted and unreadable.

Start by troubleshooting the most fundamental issues. Check the drive by connecting it to another computer, and also check with other USB ports to see if the issue is resolved. To begin, try disconnecting and then reconnecting the USB flash drive or the external hard drive. If the issue persists, continue to the next step.

In the event that the hard drive does not contain any data, one can attempt to format the drive in order to determine whether or not this resolves the issue.

Check hard disk for errors (CHKDSK).

The CHKDSK tool that is built into Windows has the capability of repairing common hard drive errors. These errors can originate from your internal SSD or HDD, or they can originate from external storage drives such as USB flash drives, memory cards, or even external hard drives. If the structure of the hard drive is corrupted or otherwise unreadable, this tool can also assist you in repairing it. This works perfectly for local storage, but it could also be applied to any external storage that's connected to the computer.

Open the command prompt in administrative mode before running this tool for the first time. You can access the command prompt by going to the Start menu. To access the command prompt, right-click on the desired location, and then select Run as administrator from the context menu. Now type the following command, and when you are finished, press the Enter key to carry out the command.

chkdsk e: /r /f

Note: Don't forget to replace E your drive letter. For instance, the letter E designates the external storage drive that you have. Therefore, the command that needs to be entered is chkdsk e: /r /f.

Checking for drive errors is explained under the chkdsk command.

The letter "e:" stands for the drive (which causes the problem)

/r is used to locate damaged sectors and restores information that can be read.

/f corrects errors that were found on the hard disk.

This system utility ensures that the file system on the hard disk is completely intact by comparing its contents to those in the Master File Table. Hold off until the scan is finished a hundred percent. The scan could take a few hours, but how long it takes is entirely dependent on the size and number of files that are stored on either your internal or external drive. Even though the external drives are much smaller than the hard drive, it's possible that this process will go more quickly with them. After that, you will need to close the command prompt by typing exit, and then you will need to restart Windows. If you're having trouble fixing the "Disk structure is damaged" error, this is one of the most effective solutions you can try.

Reinstall the hard drive in the computer.

It has been reported by some users that removing and then reinstalling the external storage device can fix issues where the disk structure is corrupted or where there are problems with the file being unreadable. Therefore, if the first method doesn't work, I recommend that you try this one instead. To remove the hard disk drive from your computer, proceed as follows:

Deactivate the device in question.

To open the Windows Device Manager window, press the Win key and the R key simultaneously, then type diskmgmt.msc into the search box, and either click OK or press Enter. You will see a list of all device drivers that have been installed in this section. Now expand this section by clicking on the drives, and right-click on the problematic external drive that needs to be fixed. The next step is to go to the menu and select the Uninstall option.

Reinstall the Device in Question

Now, in order to reinstall the drive, perform the following steps:

When you are in Device Manager, from the navigation menu, click the Same Action button, and then select the option to Scan for hardware changes. Then you must wait for your computer to recognize the new hardware and install it.

After completing each of these steps, you will likely be prompted to restart your computer before the process can be considered complete. It is expected that from this point forward, you will have no further issues when working with your external drive.

Use software from outside sources.

If the structure of the hard drive is corrupted or unreadable, it's possible that you won't be able to find a way to repair it. In this particular scenario, I would advise you to attempt to retrieve your personal data from the malfunctioning storage drive. There are many programs available from third-parties that can assist you in retrieving files from deleted partitions. You are free to choose from any of them.

Perform a formatting procedure on the external drive.

Warning: if the hard drive still has data on it, do not format it.
This method is suggested for use with external drives such as USB drives that do not have Windows installed on them. When a drive is formatted, all of the files that it currently contains are removed, and a new file system is created to replace the corrupted one. This is common knowledge. If your drive does not contain any important files, then this is a good solution for you to use. To format the drive, just right-click on it and select Format from the context menu. Choose the type of file system you want to use, check the box for Quick format, and then click Start to begin the process of formatting the drive. Fixing the disk structure corrupt error can also be accomplished by applying some of the other solutions presented on this page.

When Windows won't boot in the normal manner, use this.

The aforementioned solutions are applicable to devices that are external, such as USB flash drives, external hard drives, SD cards, and so on. However, the following solutions should be utilized in the event that this issue occurs on the internal hard drive.

Put everything to a halt and turn off the computer system. The side panel can then be accessed by unscrewing the screws that secure it to the case. After that, locate your hard drive and open it up.

Locating the hard drive on a laptop is typically not too difficult. Flip your laptop over so you can examine the underside of it. It will include a variety of helpful icons in its design. The location of the hard drive is indicated by the stack of disks in this image.

After that, remove all of the cables, but not before making a mental note of which ones you cut. The next step is to ensure that all of the wires are fully inserted (there should be no slack) and that all of the screws are tight, and then you should boot the computer to check and see if this has resolved the issue.

In the event that Windows cannot be accessed, check the hard disk.

In the event that Windows is unable to start as a result of a disk error. If this is the case, you will need to access the advanced boot options. And then click the Startup Repair button to allow Windows to fix the issue on its own.

Even after performing the boot repair, you will continue to experience the same issue, which is that the computer cannot be started because the boot device is inaccessible. After that, in the command prompt, click the Access Advanced Boot Options button.

Note: You can also try starting the computer in safe mode and opening the command prompt in the administrative user account in order to carry out the task described below.

When the prompt for entering commands appears, proceed to type the following command and then press Enter to execute it.


then press the list volume key (Note here the Windows installation drive, for me the drive letter C: is the boot volume).

Now, type the following command to check the drive for errors and correct them if any are found.

CHKDSK C: /f /r

Note: If your drive is not working properly, replace the letter C: with the letter of the other drive. It should no longer be an issue now.

This will check the drive for errors and repair any structures that are damaged or cannot be read. Wait until the scan is finished to the hundredth percent, then restart the Windows checker; it should now be able to boot normally. You can also check out how to fix the error that says the boot device is inaccessible.

It is hoped that this will correct the error that the disk structure is corrupted or unreadable. If nothing works, the storage drive on your computer might have some kind of physical damage. In this scenario, you have the option of taking it to the repair center or purchasing a brand new one.

Dann brauchen Sie die Datenrettung von Gefund-IT, um Ihre Daten schnell und sicher wiederzubekommen.


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